Level 2 Grammar : ~toshite

Click here for Explanation of Grammar Entries and on how to Conjugate verbs.

~として(は) / ~としての / としても
~toshite (wa) / ~toshite no / ~toshite mo

意味: ~として
Indicates the capacity, role or function of someone or something
接続: [名]+として
例文 1:

Kono byouki wa nanbyou toshite ninteisareta.
This illness is considered (as) incurable.


kono – this *
byouki – illness
nanbyou – incurable
ninteisareta – to be considered. (nintei suru)

例文 2:

Kare wa tan ni joudan toshite sore o itta.
He said it merely as a joke.


Kare – he
tan ni – merely
joudan – joke
sore – that (used in the sense of it in this example) *
itta – said (iu)

~としての is used to modify the following noun, thus it is always followed by a noun


Sono konsaato ryokou ga seikoshita node, kanojo no kashu toshite no meisei wa katamatta.
The successful concert tour established her reputation as a singer.


Sono – that *
konsaato – concert
ryokou – tour
seikoshite – succeeded (seiko suru)
node – because
kanojo – she
kanshu – singer
meisei – reputation
katamatta – was established (katamaru)

意味: ~としては
Toshitewa and <warini> imply that something is odd or unexpected.
Toshite and <nitotte> do not really have such an implication.**
It indicates a standard for comparisons. Don’t confuse with ~として.
接続: [名]+としては

Kore wa nihon no apaato toshite wa, ookii hou desu.
For a Japanese apartment, this is one of the bigger ones.


Kore – this
ookii – big
hou – used for comparitive degree ***

意味: ~としても
Even as a ~
Same base as として with a も for ‘even’
接続: [名]+としても

Kare wa isha de aru ga, shousetsuka toshite mo yuumei de aru.
He is a doctor but he is famous even as a novelist.


isha – doctor
shousetsuka – novelist
yuumei – famous
de aru – same as desu

As you can notice, they have similar meanings but their usages are different.

* The difference between kono from kore (as of sono from sore and ano from are) is that kono is used as a noun modifier.

O – Kono hon wa watashi no desu.
X – Kore hon wa watashi no desu.
O – Kore wa watashi no hon desu.
X – Kore hon wa watashi no desu.

** warini and nitotte not covered in this post.
*** to make the superlative degree, add ichiban before the adjective

Vocabulary count : 21 (concert, node, hou and desu excluded from count)


Source: http://www.jgram.org


6 Responses to Level 2 Grammar : ~toshite

  1. Calvin Chang says:

    Ah… thanks for this
    I completely did not understand toshite until I read this.

  2. ryan says:

    extremely helpful…in complete agreement with calvin, too…i constnatly hear it, but never comprehended it

  3. Elena says:

    Thank you very much. Simple for understanding. Excellent!

  4. Koshuwu says:

    Wow.. i just learned this pattern this evening… was very blur on it..
    after reading… Clear as water

  5. Thank you. Your explanations and examples are easy to understand. This is really helpful.

  6. akshay sharma says:

    thank u very much… Very very very helpful.

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