Basic Japanese Ep. 3

Today, we will watch the full episode 3 of the Learn Basic Japanese series. You can find the dialogue and the vocabulary used in the skit after the lesson.

This episode is really fun. じゃ、みましょう!(Ja, mimashou!)

***

The sentence patterns used in this episode are:
___ ga arimasu.
___ ga imasu.

* These patterns indicate the presence of something and to express possession or being equipped with something.
* Arimasu is used for inanimate objects while imasu is used for living things. Although plants are living things, they don't move on their own, thus arimasu is used.

To convert the two patterns into question, simply add ka at the end.
___ ga arimasu ka.
___ ga imasu ka.

And to answer, use these patterns:
positive
Hai, arimasu.
Hai, imasu.
negative:
Iie, arimasen.
Iie, imasen.

Another pattern used to answer the questions above is:
Iie, ___ wa arimasen/imasen.

This means that one doesnt have ___ but does have something else. Notice the use of wa instead of ga.

Note: In Japanese, singular and plural forms are the same.

The following sentences were used in the lesson:
arimasu:

Isu ga arimasu.
Jitensha ga arimasu.
Kasa ga arimasu.
Kamera ga arimasu.
Kagi ga arimasu. (key)
Megane ga arimasu. (pair of eyeglasses)
Doa ga arimasu. (door)
Ishi ga arimasu yo. (rock)
Baketsu ga arimasu yo. (bucket)
Kaidan ga arimasu yo. (stairs)

imasu:

Neko ga imasu.
Kirin ga imasu. (giraffe)
Raion mo imasu. (lion)
Zou mo imasu. (elephant)
Hito ga imasu. (person)

In this episode the Japanese systems of writing were also introduced. As we have previously studied, there are three Japanese systems of writing, namely:

Kanji (chinese characters) - convey a meaning
Hiragana - represent sounds
Katakana - used for foreign words

* Kanji is normally written in a mixture of Kanji and Kana.
* Japanese can be written both horizontally and vertically. (example newspaper)

We have also learned that Kana is the general name for both Hiragana and Katakana.

***

I tried to write down their dialogue. Unfortunately, I dont understand some words they're saying :( Anyway, here it is:

building sign : 建物 ・ たてもの ・ Tatemono ・ building
(The kanji 建 means to build or construct while 物 means thing. Literally it means something built or constructed.)

Dialogue:

*at the shop

Okyaku-san, kore wa dou desu ka.
Furoba arimasu ka
A, iie, furoba arimasen.
...
Douzo. Kore dou desu ka.
Youshitsu to furoba ga arimasu.
___heya wa arimasen ka.
_______. arimasu yo.

Eeto. Kore dou desu? Kirei na heya desu yo?
Daidokoro arimasu ka.
Daidokoro mo furoba arimasu.
Basho wa doko desu ka.
Eeto ne, basho wa. Kou desu.

*at the house

Sumimasen. Daijoubu desu ka. Kou desu.
Waa. _______ ne. (?)
Ooya-san (landlord/lady) no uchi desu.

Okyaku-san, heya achira desu.
Kono ura desu.

Yan-san, ike ga arimasu yo.
Nanka imasu ka.
Un, nanimo imasen ne.
Ah neko imasu yo.
Eeh, doko ni?
Hora, asoko ni imasu yo
Ah asoko desu ka.

Okyaku-san douzo kochira e.
Dou desu. Atarashii heya desu yo.
Tatami mo kirei desu ne.
Akarui heya desu ne.
Sou desu ne.

Okyaku-san, daidokoro koko desu yo.
Gasu to suidou arimasu yo. Hora
Furoba doko arimasu ka.
Furoba wa.. Furoba. Furoba
Furoba koko dewa arimasen.
Aa, furoba koko desu.

Eeh, shawaa mo arimasu yo.
Ii furoba desu ne.

Mina-san, ocha o douzo
Kore doumo sumimasen
Kochira ooya-san no suzuki-san desu.
Suzuki de gozaimasu.
Douzo yoroshiku.
Hajimemashite. Yoroshiku
Sa, ocha o douzo
Arigatou gozaimasu.
Sa, sa, Itadakimashou.
Ja, sumimasen.

Yan-san, chotto.
Yan-san, ocha no osara wa koko ni arimasu yo.
Naifu ya fo-ku ya supu-n wa kono naka.
Hai.
kappu to ko-hi- kuppu wa kono ue desu.
Hai. Doumo arigatou gozaimashita.
Youfuku wa kono naka desu yo.

????
????
Te-buru
Ah! Te-buru koko ni arimasu.

*at yan-san's neighbor's place

Gomen kudasai.
Kore wa kore wa.
Anata wa gozaimasu ?
Hajimemashite. Yan-san...
Kore wa ? desu. Douzo
???
???
Douzo yoroshiku onegai itashimasu.
Yoroshiku onegaishimasu.
Kochira koso. Yoroshiku onegaishimasu.

Hmm, oishii. (i dont know what they're eating :?:)

***

Vocabulary:

Romaji Kana Kanji English
tatemono たてもの 建物 building
okyaku-san おきゃくさん お客さん guest or customer
furoba ふろば 風呂場 bathroom
youshitsu ようしつ 洋室 western style room
heya へや 部屋 room
yo   used to call someone's attention forcefully.
kirei きれい 綺麗、奇麗 beautiful. can also mean clean
daidokoro だいどころ 台所 kitchen
basho ばしょ 場所 address
kou こう   in this way
sumimasen すみません   excuse me or i'm sorry
daijoubu だいじょうぶ 大丈夫 ok, alright. daijoubu desu ka means are you ok/alright?
ooya-san おおやさん 大家さん landlord/landlady
uchi うち house. another word for uchi is ie.
achira あちら   that way
ike いけ pond
hora ほら   look!
asoko あそこ   over there
akarui あかるい 明るい bright
shawa- シャワー   shower
ii いい   good. another word for good is yoi 良い
ocha おちゃ お茶 tea
itadakimashou いただきましょう 戴きましょう let's drink. remember that itadakimasu is said before meals.
osara おさら お皿 plate
fo-ku フォーク   fork
supu-n スプーン   spoon
naka なか inside
kappu カップ   cup
ko-hi- コーヒー   coffee
te-buru テーブル   table
gomen kudasai ごめんください 御免下さい anybody home?
nani mo imasen なにもいません 何もいません there is nothing. nani means what but nani + mo means nothing.
ura うら   end, tip
tatami たたみ 畳み Japanese mat
gasu ガス   gas (for cooking)
suidou すいどう 水道 water supply

じゃ、またね。

4 Responses to Basic Japanese Ep. 3

  1. can you place audio? says:

    Hey, where is the rest of these lesson? and can you add audio?, Good Job! I liked those lessons, but always felt as if they left too many blanks…

  2. Iman says:

    Domo Arigato for the post. I am learning Japanese with the videos and the post helped me a lot on this issue.

  3. You wrote some brilliantpoints and I’m delighted you were brutally candid.

  4. a person who wrote this article is very informated .

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