Basic Japanese Episode 4

Kyou, Let’s Learn Japanese no Episode 4 o mimashou.


Romaji Kana Kanji English
boushi ぼうし 帽子 hat
hako はこ box
inu いぬ dog
te-pu テープ tape
satou さとう 砂糖 sugar
shouyu しょうゆ 醤油 soy sauce
atarashii あたらしい 新しい new
akarui あかるい 明るい bright
kirei きれい 綺麗 clean
kitanai きたない 汚い dirty
mizu みず water
koko ここ here (close to speaker)
soko そこ there (close to listener)
asoko あそこ over there (close to neither speaker nor listener)
ue うえ on, above
shita した unde
mae まえ in front of
ushiro うしろ 後ろ behind
naka なか inside

These are the sentence patterns discussed:

Indicating location:

[Neko wa] doko ni [imasu ka]?

"Neko wa" and "imasu ka" are omitted because both the speaker and the listener understood what was being talked about. It would also sound more natural to omit these two parts.

Asoko ni imasu [yo].
Asoko ni arimasu. = Asoko desu.

Words indicating position:
ue - on, above
shita - under
mae - in front of
ushiro - behind
naka - inside

* X no [ue,shita,mae,ushiro,naka] = [on, under, in front of, behind, inside] X

Enumerating items:
Conjunctions that join words of the same type.

___ to ___
___ ya ___ ya ___

to - when you mention all the items one by one
ya - when you mention only some of the items and leave others out

na-adjectives - does not end in i
i-adjectives - end in i

*there are some exceptions to the rule. e.g. kirei (na)

atarashii heya - new room
akarui heya - bright room
kirei na mizu - clean water
kitanai mizu - dirty
oishii mizu - good-tasting water

In this episode, we were shown the correct strokes for hiragana a-i-u-e-o and their correct pronunciation (a-i-u-e-o have short duration).



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