Today we will learn 8 kanji – year, month, day, and the 7 days of the week.
|月||month; moon||gatsu or getsu||tsuki||click||click|
Click on Link1 value to open jlpt-kanji.com page.
Click on Link2 value to open japanesepage.com page.
The kanjis 日 to 土 are used as days of the week in Japanese.
If you take its On-yomi (On-reading) + youbi, you get the Japanese days of the week
日 (hi) means sun while 月 means moon. You can see easily its relation to English’s Sunday and Monday. Refer to this post to know some facts about the Japanese days of the week as well as the Japanese months.
Notice how the Kanji are used in the calendar shown below – for the date and weekdays:
So if you see a Japanese calendar, all you need to remember are the 7 kanji in our set today. Then you will be able to determine which day of the week a certain date falls. And also, you won’t have trouble determining which day the calendar starts (some calendars start Monday 月 or Sunday 日).
These are the kanji mnemonics by Henshall:
|年||person visits well every year|
|日||sun with spot|
|月||pitted crescent moon shining down|
|火||flames of fire|
|水||water squeezes between banks|
|木||tree with sweeping branches|
|金||two gold nuggets under cover of earth|
|土||plant grows in eart|
Other interesting mnemonics:
月 : This is a sun (日) with legs — the moon runs faster around the earth, therefore it needs legs
火 : Think of it as sparks coming from a person
水 : Squeeze a river (川 kawa) and you get water (mizu)
木 : This is a tree with 2 low hanging branches
土 : It’s a cross in the ground