Level 2 Grammar – ni shitagatte

~にしたがい / ~にしたがって
~ni shitagai / ~ni shitagatte
*sometimes in kanji に従って

意味: ~と一緒に <一方の変化とともに他方も変わることを表す。>
* With~ ; Following~ ; As~ (s.t. spontaneously and gradually occcurs in accordance with some change)
* as, accordingly; in proportion to; in accordance with; following

接続: [動–辞書形;名]+にしたがって
類語: 「~とともに」のCの意味;「~につれて」


高く – high (from takai)
登る – climb
見晴らし – view
よくなった – become better (from yoi meaning good). natta means became


約束 – appointment, promise
借金 – borrowed money
一か月後 – after one month
かえした – returned (kaesu)

The verbs in both main and subordinate clauses do not express a momentary action, but a continuous process (except in the case of N ni shitagatte/shitagai). Example:

X たばこを吸うのをやめるに従って、体の調子がよくなった。
O たばこをやめたら、体の調子がよくなった。

吸う – to smoke
体 – body, health
調子 – condition
やめたら – after [i] stopped (yameru)

The difference between shitagatte and shitagai is stylistical. The latter is usually used in written Japanese whereas the former can be used in both spoken and written style.


One Response to Level 2 Grammar – ni shitagatte

  1. riizhu says:

    thanks for the lessons^^,

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