~ni tomonatte

~に伴い / ~に伴う / ~に伴って
~にともない / ~にともなう / ~にともなって
~ni tomonai / ~ni tomonau / ~ni tomonatte

There are two usages for this expression:


意味: ~にしたがって ・ ~につれて
As~ ; With~ (accompanying, following something)
接続: [動–辞書形;名]+に伴って

        じんこう – population
        ふえる – increase
        いろいろ – various
        もんだい – problem, question
        おこってきた – (lit) come to happen.

             Okotte is the te-form of okoru which means to happen. The Vte-form + kuru (past tense : kita) means come to V, or get V. This pattern is used with verbs of change. e.g.

                    It has gotten colder recently.

                    このごろ – recently
                    寒くなって – become cold

             Be careful not to confuse this with the other pattern Vte-form + kuru which describes that the speaker leaves the place, does something, and returns. Similar to the expression Vmasu-form/N + ni ikimasu/kimasu. e.g.

                    Im just going out to buy some cigarettes.

                    ちょっと – a little [while]
                    買って – to buy (kau)


意味: ~と一緒に <同時に起きる。>
With~ (happen at the same time)
接続: [名]+に伴って
例文 1: 

        地震 – earthquake
        火災 – fire
        発生することが多い – likely to occur. 発生する means to occur

例文 2: 

        自由 – freedom
        責任 – duty

  • に伴って can indicate a causal relationship (imi A: similar to につれて and にしたがって), but it can ALSO be used for situations that arise simultaneously (imi B: 同時に起きる)
  • Remember that ~につれ is used with verbs of change and ~にしたがって express continuous process.

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One Response to ~ni tomonatte

  1. Rafy Riquelme says:

    Thanks for going throught the trouble of explaining ~につれ,~にしたがって and に伴ってand their small differences. I’ve been stumbling on those for quite a while and my grammar books have done a poor job of clearing things up.

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