ta-form + 後 「あと」 = after ~

A ta-form precedes あと. The meanings of あとで、 あとに and あと are similar.

a)  ご飯を食べた後で、勉強した。 [I studied after I had a meal.]
b) ご飯を食べた後に、勉強した。 [I studied just after I had a meal.]
c) ご飯を食べた後、勉強した。  [I studied after I had a meal.]

(a), (b) and (c) have almost the same meanings; however, there are slight differences. The time to study in (a) can be the unspecified time (the time span is wide) after a meal, but the time to study in  (b) must be the specified one (the time span is narrow) after it.

Therefore, ご飯を食べた後で、しばらく気分が悪かった。 [I felt sick for a while after I had a meal.] can be possible, but you cannot say ご飯を食べた後に、しばらく気分が悪かった。 [I felt sick for a while just after I had a meal.]. (c) does not have any usage limitations like (a) or (b), but (a) and (b) are more often used than (c) in daily communication.

One Response to ta-form + 後 「あと」 = after ~

  1. […] 1.ta-form + あと  : after  ~ 2.volitional-form + とする  : to be on the point of ~、 to be going to ~ 3.~のうち  : among ~ 4.~ところ  : time, moment […]

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